Benefits of Minimally Invasive Surgery
Oct 08 , 2016 10 am

Benefits of Minimally Invasive Surgery

     Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is a surgery technique, which provides smaller incision than traditional surgeries. This technique offers the patients several benefits over than traditional surgeries including:
1. Smaller incisions shall cause less post-operative pain.
2. Easier incision care after injuries. The smaller incision area means the lower risks of surgical site infection.
3. Shorter hospital stays and quicker returns to normal activities. Due to less operative pain, patients who undergo MIS procedures usually recover and return to their work and normal activities more quickly.
4. Less response to the surgeries
  - The smaller incision, the less metabolic response to trauma. This “Metabolic Response to Trauma” is the cause of postoperative fatigue, the change in metabolic rate, changes in glucose and chemicals as well as the decreasing of immunity in patient’s body. These responses can be reduced by smaller incisions. 
 Thus, the patients undergoing MIS procedures will recover more quickly than the patients undergoing traditional ones.
5. Less scarring and tissue damage. Basically scars can be categorized into
 - External scar, which is the cause of unappealing look;
 - Internal scar tissue, which might form the adhesions within intestines and block or hinder the organ’s activities.
Is open (traditional) surgery still necessary??
Open surgeries are required in the following cases

Patients with massive bleeding especially caused by the accidents. With open surgery method, it is easier for blood suction and provides better chances to stop the bleeding, which shall be the cause of too much blood loss.
- Patients from the accident where the damages occur to more than one organ. In this case, larger surgical incisions are required in order to treat various organs in one surgery.
- The surgical operation, which requires vast area of tissue dissection such as a surgery to remove peritoneal in metastatic cancer.  
- The resection of large size of tumors or cysts requires open surgery as the tools used in MIS might not be capable to remove large, adhesive tumors.

Apart from the cases mentioned in preceding paragraph, minimally invasive surgery can be performed in most cases  
Provided that a successful minimally invasive surgery requires many factors including high-technology equipment, well-trained medical team, and especially the experienced surgeon.
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